prof. dr hab. n. med. Waldemar Placek, Alicja Frączek, dr hab. n. med. Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, prof. UWM
Key words: adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction, regenerative medicine, isolation of adipose-derived stem cells, technique of identifying adipose-derived stem cells.
Stem cells create a heterogeneous group characterized by a unique ability to repair damaged tissues and organs. This phenomenon is possible due to the self-renewal potential that they present and the ability to differentiate into other types of cells. These special properties prompted scientists from around the world to seek innovative therapies that can be used in various branches of medicine, in particular regenerative medicine. Recently, clinicians of various specialties have become increasingly interested in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, due to the easy access to the source of their acquisition. Nevertheless, the whole process connected with their direct isolation is relatively complicated and expensive, but on the other hand indispensable, if we want to be sure that the cells used in the treatment really have multipotent properties.